Effekten av fysisk aktivitet för vuxna individer med depression : En litteraturstudie

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för vårdvetenskap; Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: Depression is a major social issue affecting 19% of Sweden’s population. The affected individuals can have a lowered mood, suicidal thoughts and concentration problems. Antidepressants and CBT are two different treatment methods. The definition of physical activity is any type of body movement that increases the body energy metabolism. The holistic perspective on health means seeing the individual with a holistic thinking that includes both the body and the soul. Dorothea Orem’s theory is a broad nursing theory that describes why and how individuals take care of themselves with the help of self-care. The nurse’s basic responsibility is to promote health, prevent illness, restore health and relieve suffering. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the effect of physical activity in adults with depression.Method: A literature review which examined 12 quantitative articles. Searches for articles were made in databases CINAHL, PubMed och PsycINFO.Results: The result showed that physical activity decreased depression in the depressed individuals and could be seen as an effective treatment method, both individually and in combination with other treatments for depression. Physical activity with low, moderate and vigorous intensity reduced individuals' depression. Individuals felt that support from outside helped them find motivation to perform physical activity.Conclusion: The research showed that physical activity generated in a reduction of individuals' depression regardless of the intensity of physical activity.

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