Elevers deltagande i ämnet Idrott och hälsa : En enkätstudie av autonomi, kompetens och tillhörighet
Sammanfattning: The background for this study is anchored in the growing problem that is pupils’ lack in motivation in physical education, and how it affects the active participation in class. The aim for the survey was to investigate the motivations (Deci & Ryan, 1971) effectiveness in active participation in terms of experienced autonomy, experienced competence and belonging. The questions at issue were as following: How can pupils´ autonomy be described and what correlation can be seen to students’ active participation? How can pupils’ experienced competence be described and what correlation can be seen to students’ active participation? How pupils´ responded to questions related to experienced belonging in physical education and how it correlated to active participation? The study was based on a quantitative method in which a survey targeted to pupils between the ages fifteen to nineteen was sent out. 33 high- and elementary schools were contacted whereas two chose to participate. From these two schools, 71 pupils answered the survey. The results displayed that the student experienced a low autonomy, competence and belonging. The results indicated that there was no correlation between the above three categories and motivation towards active participation. By looking at the report from an objective point of view there is some parts that in revising would get altered. An excerpt of these can be rephrasing of survey question, in relation to some that ended up being systematic defects.
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