Arbetet mot segregation i Linköpings kommun. En kvalitativ dokumentanalys av åtgärdsplaner.

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Socialhögskolan

Sammanfattning: In this study, we investigated the issue of segregation as a social problem and the effort made to address it at the local level, particularly by the Swedish government. The government had developed a long-term program focusing on areas such as crime, the labor market, education, housing, and civil society to reduce segregation and promote equal opportunities. Our aim was to understand how the action plans against segregation are developed and communicated through policy documents, specifically by examining Linköpings municipality’s action plan for 2022 and 2023. We explored the role of text within these documents in shaping efforts to combat segregation considering that different municipalities may have varying strategies. The objective of the study was to understand how the work against segregation in the form of an action plan is produced in Linköping municipality of Sweden. To provide clarity we formulated the following questions: How were the areas of Berga, Ryd, and Skäggetorp presented in Linköpings municipality’s action plan against segregation? and How were the measures against segregation presented in Linköpings municipality’s action plan against segregation? During our analysis, we adopted a sociological perspective and utilized sociological theories. We used stigma theory and institutional ethnography to explain the results. Through our analysis, we identified that specific measures like implementing camera surveillance, promoting entrepreneurship among residents with foreign backgrounds, providing training in parenting, creating pleasant environments, and engaging children and young people in cultural activities could contribute to the stigmatization of individuals. Furthermore, we noted differences in the degree of focus on different aspects such as safety, employment, education, living environment, and recreational opportunities within the action plan. While the selected theories provide valuable insights into the phenomenon of segregation, it was evident that the issue was considerably more complex.

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