Molnlagring i landskapet. Fallstudie över Amazon Web Services och Eskilstuna Logistikpark
Sammanfattning: This dissertation is based upon a case study that examined the effects of the establishment ofEskilstuna Logistics Park, and more specifically the Amazon Web Services data center, onthe local landscape in the society of Kjula in Eskilstuna municipality. The departure point forthis dissertation is the contradiction between the general perception of, on the one hand,services of The Cloud as weightless and detached, and on the other hand the physical andresource-intensive infrastructure that upholds these services. The specific purpose of thedissertation has been to study and make visible how the establishment of a data center affectsthe landscape, and the activities in the landscape, in a local context. As a wider purpose wehad the ambition to contribute to a discussion about the resource requirements of informationtechnology and data storage, especially from a land use perspective, and how theserequirements can cause conflicts of interests.The study has used a multi-method design where qualitative interviews and a walkingobservation have been used to collect empirical material. The structure of the interviews andthe observation have been shaped by the landscape theory of Torsten Hägerstrand. Thistheory has been complemented with concepts from political ecology to make visible theconflicting interests that were revealed in the interviews. Further, the concepts havecontributed to revealing how different uses of land can work to establish a power dynamicbetween the center and the periphery. Based on the empirical data it proved to be hard tosingle out the specific effects on the landscape of Amazon Web Services. Therefore, thefocus of inquiry was broadened to include the whole of Eskilstuna Logistics Park. Theresearch resulted in the conclusion that the establishment of Eskilstuna Logistics Park hascontributed to the emergence of new kinds of commercial activities, which have had anexclusionary effect on other types of activities in the landscape. At the same time, the resultof the study indicates that if municipalities like Eskilstuna want to continue to exist and beable to provide their inhabitants with services, they have little choice but to make theirlandscape available for this kind of infrastructure. Nevertheless, there is a contradictionbetween these efforts to keeping the municipality alive, and the negative impacts of the datacenter infrastructure on local life.
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