Vilka faktorer ökar risken för en ungdom att bli kriminell och hur kan samhället arbeta brottsförebyggande? : En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänsten och polisens identifierade riskfaktorer gällande ungdomskriminalitet hos unga kriminella och det förebygga

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Högskolan i Halmstad

Sammanfattning: Juvenile delinquency is a societal problem that is increasingly receiving attention and has engaged researchers, politicians and especially the public. The purpose of this study is to investigate which risk factors social service professionals and the police authority identify concerning juvenile delinquency in young criminals and how crime prevention can be carried out to reduce juvenile delinquency in the society. The approach in this study is a qualitative method where we used semi-structured interviews. The study has adopted a hermeneutic scientific theoretical perspective. We used a thematic analysis to identify codes from our transcribed material which became the foundation for our results. With the help of the labelling theory and the system theory, we have interpreted the respondents' answers to create an understanding of how risk factors can affect the youth’s development of criminal behavior and how preventive work can be carried out to reduce juvenile delinquency. The results show that school problems and weak parenting increase the risk of a youth ending up in delinquency. Methods within crime prevention work that are used today are SSPF and MBU. Other findings are that crime prevention work requires early intervention in school, resources and relationship building. Finally, it is highlighted that the effects of prevention work are difficult to measure. The conclusion of this study is that there are several risk factors that can increase the risk of a young person becoming a criminal but it is not a prerequisite to develop a criminal behavior. 

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