The Digital Transformation of the Swedish Retail Pharmacy Industry : A Case Study
Sammanfattning: Background: The Swedish retail pharmacy industry is a dynamic industry that has undergone many changes throughout the past decades. Presently, the pharmacy industry in Sweden consists of five nationwide pharmacy chains (Apoteket AB, Apotek Hjärtat, Kronans Apotek, Apoteksgruppen, and LloydsApotek), three strictly e-commerce pharmacy companies (Apotea, Meds, and Apohem), and 40 private players. Problem: Due to digitalization, retail industries are nowadays dealing with customers that have different expectations and exhibit changed shopping behaviours. The retail pharmacy industry in Sweden has not been an exception to the trend of having to go through a digital transformation based on society changes and changed customer behaviour. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to research how the Swedish retail pharmacy companies have adapted to meet customer expectations and created value for the customer, as a result of digitalization. Method: A qualitative approach with seven semi-structured interviews have been conducted on company representatives from the Swedish retail pharmacy industry. Results: Despite the Swedish retail pharmacy industry being controlled by regulations put in place by the state, they have successfully managed to restructure their operations through their digitalization process. This has been done with the customer primarily in mind, through meeting their expectations and continuing to create value.
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