Intäktsredovisning - En jämförande studie mellan RFR 2/IFRS 15 och K3

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Högskolan i Halmstad/Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap

Sammanfattning: One of the most fundamental issues in the accounting area is when an income is to be reported.Depending on the time at which an income is reported, the income can have a significant rolefor what a company's financial reports will look like. In 2002, the IASB and FASB agreed tojointly develop a common international revenue standard. The aim of the collaboration was todevelop a more robust and consistent framework, in order to increase comparability in revenuerecognition between different companies, markets and countries. Basically, all Swedishunlisted companies that are classified as larger companies must prepare their accounts inaccordance with the Swedish regulations K3. However, Swedish major unlisted companies canvoluntarily choose to apply the international accounting standard IFRS by applying theSwedish recommendation RFR 2.The purpose of this study is to investigate and account for the similarities and differences thatarise in the income statement for Swedish unlisted companies through the voluntary applicationof the international standard RFR 2/IFRS 15 versus the Swedish counterpart in the regulatoryframework K3. By applying three self-constructed typing cases, the study aims to clarify thesimilarities and differences that arise between income recognition according to RFR 2/IFRS 15versus K3 with regard to income taxation, dividend possibilities and key figures linked toprofitability and capital structure.The results of the study show that there are both similarities and differences between the RFR2/IFRS 15 and K3 regulations. In the three typical cases, differences arise between the timewhen the income is to be reported and the amounts to which it is accounted for at eachindividual time. This, in turn, means that differences arise with regard to income taxation,dividend opportunities and key figures linked to profitability and capital structure. However,based on the three types of cases that have been constructed, it is not possible to identify whichregulations are most advantageous for the individual company. When the amount ofinformation that the two regulations require the company to provide and the scope of theregulations are taken into account, income reporting in accordance with RFR 2/IFRS 15 can beconsidered more favorable to the company's stakeholders, since more detailed and usefulinformation must be provided in accordance with these regulations.

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