"Alla måste tänka likadant" - Pedagogers syn på implementering av lågaffektivt bemötande

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från Lunds universitet/Institutionen för psykologi

Sammanfattning: Low arousal approach is a method that recently was implemented in some Swedish schools to manage challenging behavior. The method differs from other methods by its keynote: Kids do the right thing if they are able instead of Kids do the right thing if they want to. The purpose of this study was to examine how pedagogues view the implementation of low arousal behavior due to a decision from the schools management to implement this method. The study was based on two focus group interviews with five and three pedagogues from two schools. The participants in each focus group worked on the same school and therefore knew each other. The result was analyzed thematic with a hermeneutic approach. The analysis generated four main themes: Not enough education in low arousal in approach, Absence of a common view, A heavy burden to do the right thing, Request for more support. Altogether these themes show that a substantial responsibility of learning the method has been placed upon the pedagogues themselves, even though the decision to implement low arousal approach came from the schools’ management. The pedagogues therefore expressed a frustration over the deficits in both the training of the method and the implementation. They desired more training, but most of all coaching in real cases. They also experienced difficulties to cooperate with staff who did not use low arousal approach. Conflicts occured more often between pedagogues and also between pedagogues and students when the pedagogues did not share the same human values. The result in full show the importance of involving all of the schools staff in the education to facilitate the practical work.

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